Breast Sonogram (Breast Ultrasound, Ultrasound Mammography) test

Ultrasonography is a noninvasive method of diagnostic testing in which ultrasound waves are sent into the body with a small transducer pressed against the skin.

Test Description

Ultrasonography is a noninvasive method of diagnostic testing in which ultrasound waves are sent into the body with a small transducer pressed against the skin. The transducer then receives any returning sound waves, which are deflected back as they bounce off various structures. The transducer converts the returning sound waves into electric signals that are then transformed by a computer into a visual display on a monitor.
Breast Sonogram

In this particular type of ultrasonography, the transducer is passed over all of the skin of each breast. The purpose is to detect and measure breast cysts and tumors. It is especially useful for screenings of young women with a family history of breast cancer, for screenings when mammography is not available, for use in pregnant women and in others who must avoid radiation, in women who refuse mammography for a variety of reasons, and in women who have silicone breast implants. It is also helpful in the assessment of women with very dense breast tissue and in those with fibrocystic breast disease. The sonogram is often used in conjunction with mammography when there is a palpable mass on physical examination, if something abnormal is noted on the mammogram, or if the patient is complaining of pain, redness, or swelling of the breast. It is also used to guide breast biopsies and fine needle aspirations of cysts. In women with fibrocystic breast disease, the water path method of ultrasonography may be used.
Read: Breast Biopsy (Core Needle Biopsy, Fine Needle Aspiration) Test

THE EVIDENCE FOR PRACTICE

Using magnification mammography and ultrasound, patients with tumors suitable for breast conservation can be identified with at least 95% certainty preoperatively.

Normal Values

Normal breast tissue

Possible Meanings of Abnormal Values

  • Breast cancer
  • Cyst
  • Fibroadenoma
  • Fibrocystic breast disease
  • Hematoma
  • Infection/abscess

Contributing Factors to Abnormal Values

The transducer must be in good contact with the skin as it is being moved.

Interventions/Implications

Pretest

  • Explain to the patient the purpose of the test. Provide any written teaching materials available on the subject. Note that there is no discomfort involved with this test unless there is an underlying infection or if there is premenstrual breast tenderness.
  • No fasting is required before the test.
  • Inform patient of need to remove clothes above the waist during the procedure.
  • The patient should use no deodorants, powders, or lotions during the days of the procedure, especially if a mammogram is also being performed that day.

Procedure

  • The patient is assisted to a supine position on the ultrasonography table. Some minor position changes may be needed during the exam in order to provide the best view of the breast tissue.
  • A coupling agent, such as a water-based gel, is applied to the area to be evaluated.
  • A transducer is placed on the skin and moved as needed to provide good visualization of the breast tissue.
  • The sound waves are transformed into a visual display on the monitor. Printed copies of this display are made.
  • For the water path method, the patient is positioned prone on a special bed with the breast suspended into heated water. The scanning is performed through the water by a transducer located at the bottom of the water tank.

Posttest

  • Cleanse the patient’s skin of remaining coupling agent, if used.
  • Report abnormal findings to the primary care provider

Clinical Alerts

  • Palpation of a mass in the breast can cause the patient to be quite anxious< regarding the possible outcome of diagnostic testing.
  • Whenever possible, schedule all of the testing on one day. In some facilities, a radiologist may be available to aspirate cysts or perform biopsies of solid masses while the patient remains in the ultrasound area.

COMMENTS

BLOGGER: 1

Name

Articles for Dentists,5,Articles for Vets,18,Biochemistry Articles,11,Fish Diseases,4,Oral Health and Herbal Medicine,2,Poultry Diseases,6,Test Information,11,
ltr
item
Dr Lobby | DrLobby.com: Breast Sonogram (Breast Ultrasound, Ultrasound Mammography) test
Breast Sonogram (Breast Ultrasound, Ultrasound Mammography) test
Ultrasonography is a noninvasive method of diagnostic testing in which ultrasound waves are sent into the body with a small transducer pressed against the skin.
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-jPUvnXEuYzs/Xt4Lkvp5gpI/AAAAAAAAAKM/L4xjsGlH9vAv4Mb2h02cyYPxi_yLyjF_gCK4BGAsYHg/w400-h238/Breast%2BSonogram.jpg
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-jPUvnXEuYzs/Xt4Lkvp5gpI/AAAAAAAAAKM/L4xjsGlH9vAv4Mb2h02cyYPxi_yLyjF_gCK4BGAsYHg/s72-w400-c-h238/Breast%2BSonogram.jpg
Dr Lobby | DrLobby.com
https://www.drlobby.com/2019/11/breast-sonogram-breast-ultrasound.html
https://www.drlobby.com/
https://www.drlobby.com/
https://www.drlobby.com/2019/11/breast-sonogram-breast-ultrasound.html
true
8312107627841756316
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content