Medicinal Plants Used in the Treatment of Oral Diseases

We will provide some information about medicinal plants like Thyme, Turmeric, Tulsi used in the treatment of oral diseases.
Treatment of Oral Diseases

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

The main constituents of thyme are phenols, carvacrol, and thymol. People use a salve obtained from thyme, goldenseal, and myrrh for treatment of oral herpes. Furthermore, there are reports of treatment of halitosis and chronic candidiasis by using thyme.  Young children, pregnant and lactating mothers must use it carefully. However, there are some side effects such as vomiting, dizziness, and  breathing difficulties. Some people are sensitive towards thyme oil when applied on the skin or used as a mouth rinse.

Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Curcuma longa contains a variety of bioactive components, which include a number of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes such as zingiberene, β-turmerone, and curcumin Alpha. The coloring is due to curcuminoids, around 60% among them are a mixture of monodesmethoxy, curcumin and bis-desmethoxy curcumin. Various pharmacological properties of turmeric include anticarcinogenic, antibacterial, antimutagenic, and antioxidant used in treatment of dental caries, gingivitis, halitosis, pit and fissure sealant, and oral lichen planus. There is a great relief observed when the aching teeth was massaged with finely grinded and roasted turmeric powder which reduces the swelling also.

Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum)

Tulsi is a traditional medicinal plant, which consists of eugenol, tannins, and few essential oils. It has also got few bioactive components such as methyl chavicol, linalool, and 1,8-cineole. Tulsi is antiulcer, antimicrobial, antihelminthic, analgesic, and antipyretic. It is used in the treatment for periodontal diseases.

Meswak (Salvadora persica)

People  of Africa, Indian subcontinent, and the Middle Easts have been widely using in chewing stick since ancient times. Meswak is a derivative obtained from Arak tree. People of different culturesuse it  as a traditional toothbrush to maintain oral hygiene. This is a  cheap and easily affordable natural toothbrush suitable for cleansing teeth, possesses various medicinal properties, and is easily available in developing countries. The Meswak extract has also found to be effective in the dentifrices as antiplaque and antigingivitis agents.We should obtain chewing sticks from fresh stems of medicinal plants. Chewing on these stems facilitate salivary secretions which possibly help in oral cleaning and control of plaque.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Peppermint leaves are having some chemical constituents, which include 0.1–1.0% volatile oil, which comprises of menthone (20–31%) and menthol (29–48%). The oil is having muscle-relaxing action and is analgesic. One traditional use of peppermint oil is its application for toothache just by soaking a cotton ball in the oil and rubbing it on the tooth or placing it in the cavity.  People  avoid  Peppermint oil with inflammation of the gallbladder, severe liver damage, or obstruction of bile ducts. Some marked side effects include headache, perianal burning, bradycardia, burning and gastrointestinal upset, skin rashes, muscle tremors, heartburn, and ataxia.

Conclusion

Thyme, Turmeric, Tulsi, Meswak and Peppermint are great medicinal plants used in the treatment of oral diseases.

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