Medicinal Plants Used to Maintain Oral Health

We will provide some information about medicinal plants like Garlic, Ginger, Myrrh, Green Tea used to Maintain Oral Health. 
Medicinal Plants Used to Maintain Oral Health

Evening Primrose (Oleum oenothera biennis)

Chemical constituents of primrose include g-linolenic acid, linoleic acid (cis-linoleic acid) which are present more than 60%, followed by oleic acid about 10%, (cis-g-linolenic acid) above 10%, stearic acid and palmitic acid less than 10%. Oleum oenothera biennis has shown antiallergic activity, antiulcer activity. It is used in treatment of dental caries and orthodontic tooth movement. Some rare side effects include headaches, nausea, and diarrhea.

Garlic (Allium sativum)

The presence of components such as diallyl sulfide, alliin, S-acetylcysteine, ajoene, dithiin, vitamins B, enzymes, proteins, and minerals. It has antiviral, antibacterial, bacteriostatic, antifungal, antiseptic, and antihelminthic effects. Garlic was tested for treatment of periodontitis and dental caries, and few reports have demonstrated adverse effects such as asthmatic attacks, increased bacterial attachment to orthodontic wires, and contact dermatitis.

Ginger (Zingiber officinalis)

The multiple components of ginger include oleoresin, 1–4% essential oils, zingiberene, curcumin, bisabolene, and sesquiphellandrene along with alcohol and monoterpene aldehydes. The medicinal properties include antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic property. The use of ginger is also reported for relieving toothache and for the treatment of oral thrush. Furthermore, ginger may reduce the toxic effects of the cyclophosphamide, a chemotherapeutic agent. Use of ginger is not preferred during pregnancy and patients with the biliary disease. Due to interference of ginger with blood clotting, a special care should be taken in patients undergoing treatment on anticoagulant therapies such as coumadin or heparin.

Myrrh (Commiphora myrrha)

There are three major constituents of myrrh, which include the volatile oil, the resin, and the gum. The gum consists of 65% carbohydrates, 20% proteins, and is composed of 4-O-methylglucuronic acid, arabinose, and galactose. Myrrh has various applications, both in general health and oral health maintenance such as in gingivitis, pharyngitis, ulcers, tonsillitis, and stomatitis. Topical application is used for the treatment of infections of the oral region. Nevertheless, it should be avoided during pregnancy. Some side effects include contact dermatitis.

Green Tea (Camellia sinensis)

The polyphenol contents in green tea comprises catechin (C), gallocatechin (GC), epicatechin gallate (ECG) epicatechin (EC), epigallocatechin (EGC), and epigallocatechin gallate. It is antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral. Camellia sinensis is reported to be used in the treatment of periodontal disease.

Neem (Azadirachta indica)

Neem is rich with many useful constituents such as sodium nimbinate, azadirachtin, salannin, nimbin, nimbidin, genin, nimbidiol, and quercetin. Leaves of neem consist of carbohydrates, fiber, and about ten amino acid proteins, carotenoids, calcium, and fluoride. Neem has a wide range of activities such as antimicrobial, antitumor, analgesic, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal,
anti-inflammatory, antihelminthic, anticariogenic, antipyretic, and antioxidant activity. There are some reports about the neem and its components, which are used in the treatment of gingivitis, dental caries, and periodontitis. External applications: 70% ethanol extract of the leaves is diluted to 40%. This diluted extract must be applied.


Evening Primrose Ginger, Myrrh, Green Tea and Neem are great medicinal plants used to maintain oral health

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